OXFORD NEW YORK
CALCUTTA CAPE TOWN DAR ES SALAAM DELHI
KUALA LUMPUR MADRAS MADRID MELBOURNE
TAIPEI TOKYO TORONTO
F O R E W O R D
P R E F A C E
T h e famous Chinese pilgrim I-tsing, who came to India in the seventh century A.c., writes in his record of travels that the
But Buddha set his mind against all forms of metaphysics. He does, however, believe in the permanence of a natural law, of universal causation, of each successive state being determined by pre-existing conditions, of virtue and happiness and vice and suffering being organically related.
Much of the ritualism and ceremonial associated with the Vedic, as well as more popular forms of religion, disappeared, particularly animal sacrifices. The idea of non-violence, already present in the Vedas and Upanishads, were emphasized by Buddhism and
This triumphant career of a people, whose homelands were
changes in America and France, England became even more
the Christians who reside in this country, are all in this particular respect belonging to one and the same nation.'
Government was not a commercial institution but it was very much interested in commercial institutions, and one of these was Imperial Chemicals. This huge combine was given many facilities. Even without such facilities it had such enormous resources that no Indian firm, except to some extent Tatas, could possibly compete with it. Apart from these facilities it had powerful support both in India and England. A few months after leaving the viceroyalty of India, Lord Linlithgow appeared in a new role as a director of Imperial Chemicals. This demonstrates the very close connection between big business in England and the Government of India, and how this connection must necessarily affect policy. Lord Linlithgow may have been a substantial shareholder 412"
C H A P T E R T E N
OXFORD INDIA PAPERBACKS
This book has acquired the status of a classic since
it was first published in 1946. It unfolds the
panorama of India's past and seeks to analyse the
sources and strength of India's national personality
and how she fits into the modern world. It is the
fascinating story of a celebrated Indian's quest
for the spirit of India which has resulted in the
continuity of a cultural tradition through
five thousand years of history.
This is a special centenary edition issued
during the Jawaharlal Nehru Centenary year.
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