he sprawling compound was completely quiet, the silence broken only by footfalls of the patrolling guards. Boots crunched on gravel as they strolled along the Thigh-walled perimeter and inside it, their hands resting casually on the assault rifles slung over their shoulders. It seemed just like any other night.
This was the hiding place of Osama bin Laden in Waziristan Haveli, literally meaning a ‘mansion in Waziristan’, located at the end of a dir t road in Abbottabad, Pakistan, just off a major highway. Not even a mile away lay the Pakistan Military Academy in Bilal Town, the suburbs of which hosted retired military officers. The mansion was like a mini for tress with 12 x 18 foot high walls, no telephone to prevent any signal being traced, and with guards patrolling 24x7.
Bin Laden was not hiding in some obscure cave in Afghanistan then, he was right here in Pakistan under the nose of the Pakistani military despite Pakistan’s vehement denials. His location was revealed after the CIA tracked down one of the All Qaeda chief’s trusted couriers. After a long debate, US President Barack Obama gave his approval to invade the mansion and kill Osama if need be even though Bin Laden was never actually seen in the compound. And so, at 1 am on the night of 2 May 2011, a team of US Navy SEAL commandoes landed from two helicopters to execute the operation with the code name Operation Neptune Spear.
The objective of the mission was simple and unambiguous. Stor m the mansion, remove all perceived threats, eliminate public enemy number one, Osama bin Laden, then scour the compound to retrieve any and all important documents.
The commandoes had all the practice they could possibly get. In preparation for the mission, the CIA had built a replica of the mansion, where the commandoes had spent days practising and maneouvering through the maze of rooms of the three-storey building. They were on edge, and were ready to carry out what would definitely be the most impor tant mission of their lives. The dangers were many, as not only was the operation to be carried out so close to a military base and the target was the most wanted man in the world, but the Pakistan gover nment had been kept completely in the dark about the entire mission.
So, if anything went wrong, the commandoes knew they would probably not make it out alive.
The stage was set. A couple of US Navy SEALs planted the explosives on a wall, and waited for the right moment. It was not long in coming.
Precisely at 1 am, the US commandoes breached the boundary wall. The deafening explosion took out a few guards nearby, who fell down stunned, and it dawned on the others that the unthinkable had happened: the safe house had outlasted its safety. The guards immediately began firing at the commandoes, who had, however, come ar med with heavy firepower. All guards on the outside were quickly overpowered, and the fight moved into the building with the Navy SEALs team hardly stopping for breath.
The next gun battle ensued inside the building on the first floor, where two adult males lived. They were ready for the onslaught, but gave way under the relentless determination of the team. One of them even tried to use a woman as a human shield, resulting in her death as well.
The commandoes fought their way to the second and third floors where Bin Laden’s family used to live. One by one, the family members were all overpowered, and Bin Laden was shot dead. One of his adult sons perished in the battle, so did two couriers and the unfortunate woman.
The intensive training in the replica mansion had prepared the commandoes well. The entire firefight was over in just a few minutes. The men then spent the next few minutes scouring the headquarters, gathering any computers and documents they could find.
The only glitch in the well-oiled plan was that one of the helicopters repor tedly failed due to a mechanical failure. So, the commandoes loaded Bin Laden’s body into the other one, along with all the retrieved items, and left behind a smoking compound, flames licking at the building, a safe house that ultimately could not keep the terrorist safe.
Earlier, the CIA had devised another plan, one where the compound would be bombed with a dozen 2000-lb pound bombs dropped from two B2 stealth bombers. However, the drawback was that in such an event, it would have been impossible to actually deter mine if Bin Laden was indeed among the dead, and eventually, it was dropped for the far more risky, but ultimately successful Operation Neptune Spear.
Later, it was confir med that the body recovered by the US Navy SEALs commandoes was indeed that of Bin Laden. A DNA test was carried out, and his DNA matched that of his sister, who had died of cancer earlier in Boston, and whose brain was taken into custody and preser ved for that very reason, that some day, it would aid in identifying the dreaded terrorist.
After the Raymond Allen Davis incident in early 2011, the ties between the United States and Pakistan had already become strained. The killing of Bin Laden by the CIA, sanctioned by the US, on Pakistan soil and without any knowledge of Pakistani authorities, ser ved to fur ther alienate the two from each other. The world was now pointing fingers at Pakistan and the ISI because contrary to Pakistan’s claim that Osama bin Laden was not on its soil but was in fact hiding in Afghanistan. Operation Neptune Spear proved otherwise. This in tur n implied one of two things, either that the Pakistani authorities there had no idea about the fact, something that could be extremely embarrassing for the gover nment or that the ISI knew Bin Laden was hiding in Pakistan and had chosen to tur n a blind eye, or worse, kept him as a guest. For a country that received billions of dollars in aid from the US, this was a precarious situation to be in.
Either way, the then ISI’s Director General Ahmad Shuja Pasha found himself in a difficult situation on 2 May. Not only had he to contend with the bold and audacious operation of the CIA, he now had a liability on his hands—Dawood Ibrahim, whom the ISI itself had welcomed into the country. The brazen killing of Bin Laden the CIA carried out right under Pasha’s nose was proof that Dawood too could be targeted and just as easily bumped off as Bin Laden.
Dawood himself had yet another worry on his mind. He had been welcomed into Pakistan by the ISI, and was well settled in his home in Karachi. But the local mafia had always been hostile toward him. If the CIA could take out Bin Laden so easily, how would long would it be before the local gangs were emboldened enough to attack him? But Dawood need not have worried. After Dubai, Karachi had become his second home; the ISI and the Pakistan administration had taken enough to attack him? But Dawood need not have worried. After Dubai, Karachi had become his second home; the ISI and the Pakistan administration had taken pains to ensure that he felt completely at home. They would never let him be captured, let alone killed. He was far too valuable an asset to them to neglect.
The ISI set about strategising how to get the don safely out of their country without falling into the US’s hands. Had it been anyone else, the ISI would simply have sent them away and hid them somewhere in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) or in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK). But these places had caves as hideouts, and here, they had a thoroughly urban man on their hands who used the latest technology and was used to a life of luxury and opulence, someone whom they simply could not send to hide in caves in a remote corner of the country. Something else would have to be done.
And something else was indeed done to ensure the don’s safety. It would have to be either Jeddah or Riyadh in Saudi Arabia, the ISI decided. If executed well, the plan was foolproof. Dawood would be out of the country and out of the US’s clutches, and as India did not have an extradition treaty with Saudi Arabia, out of India’s grasp too.
In fact, Dawood’s exact location and whereabouts were not known even to most of the ISI’s top echelon. It was a closely guarded secret, shared only on a need-to-know basis. Dawood’s right-hand man, Chhota Shakeel had set up base in Jeddah, something that the Mumbai Crime Branch already knew. Jeddah, therefore, seemed to be the safest hideout for Dawood.
Within hours of Operation Neptune Spear, the ISI had everything ready. A passpor t was prepared for Dawood, and an entire escor t of Pakistani Rangers were deputed. Their orders: guard Dawood with your life. Air routes were out of the question, as the CIA was watching every single airpor t, and nothing would escape them. However well they planned, trying to board a flight out of Karachi would be suicidal both for Dawood and for the ISI, especially on such shor t notice.
It was decided to take the road route. On the night of 2 May, a cohor t of Pakistani Rangers arrived at Dawood’s villa in ar moured vehicles, on orders to escor t Dawood out of the country in top secrecy.
Throughout the day, Dawood had received a flurry of calls from top men in the ISI and the Pakistani gover nment. Interestingly, they all spoke chaste Urdu but betrayed varying accents, from Lahori Punjabi to Karachi Sindhi to the polished and suave sophisticated Urdu. But there was one thing in common in all the calls
—all of them expressed the desperate urgency that Dawood be moved to a safer hideout without delay.
As Dawood stood in front of the mirror, he saw a man with a dark complexion, fast receding hairline, a hint of gray on his eyebrow, and a hardened, ruthless face staring back. The man, who was codenamed as ‘Muchchad’ (moustachioed man) by his enemies, is better known as Amir Sahab these days. The only thing he still carried with him through the years was the pair of pensive eyes.
Although his mind was in tur moil, he revealed no signs of stress or pressure, exuding instead a serene calmness. It was completely at odds with his highly strung aides around him, whose faces were creased with worry and anxiety.
He gave one last long look at the man in the mirror in the impeccable suit, before striding out to the por tico of his palatial mansion towards his spanking new golden BMW X3. The car, recently impor ted, with Dawood’s finance managers having had to shell out over a crore in Pakistani rupees, was among the don’s latest acquisitions. He still loved fancy cars and fast women.
As he walked towards his car, he was assailed by a feeling of déjà vu. Memories kept coming back to him, flashbacks, and he tried to ignore them. Exactly twenty-seven years ago, Dawood had escaped from Mumbai. Now, he was making an exit from Karachi, a por t city and financial hub of Pakistan. Then a call from Mantralaya, the seat of the Maharashtra gover nment, had aler ted him just in time and war ned him to relocate from Mumbai. This time, the call came from Islamabad from an aide of Shuja Pasha, the epicentre of power in Pakistan. When he had left Mumbai, he was grieving the loss of his brother Sabir; this time, the wound of losing his brother Noorul Haque alias Noora was still fresh.
As the door of the luxury sedan was held open by an agile, gun-toting Pakistan Ranger, Dawood threw a longing glance back at his mansion. He then sank into the rear seat. Immediately, the convoy drove out, armoured cars in front of and behind the bulletproof BMW.
But there was something different this time. When he had left Mumbai, he had known that he would never be able to retur n to India. But Karachi was different, it had become almost routine for him to leave Karachi for a while when things became a little too hot to handle, and then retur n when the dust had settled.
The car flanked by several military vehicles and Pakistani Rangers hit the Karachi National Highway. The world’s second most wanted man, after Mexican drug lord Joaquin ‘Ell Chapo’ Guzman was on his way out of Pakistan, en route to Jeddah.
But Dawood was not too worried. He would be back soon.
And as anticipated, he was back indeed, within a few months. It took just over three months for the US heat to blow over, and the world had accepted the US’s operation to kill Bin Laden; Pakistan’s outrage had become old news.
So in September, Dawood was back in Karachi to celebrate and host his eldest son Moin’s wedding to a London girl. On 28 September, his son’s palatial bungalow, named Moin Villa after him, was filled with all the powerful people affiliated to the don, from politicians and businessmen to those at the highest levels of the ISI. The wedding itself was an extravaganza in pomp and grandeur, underlining Dawood’s power and unwavering presence in his adoptive country.
The don was back on the throne.
ost of the infor mation in the book about the history of crime in Mumbai has been primarily sourced from for mer Mumbai Police Commissioner Mahesh M Narain Singh’s compilation, ‘The Growth of Gangsterism in the City’. Singh had compiled it when he was the joint commissioner of police, crime, between 1993 and 1995. The book was written for the police department so that the policemen could get an orientation about organised crime in the city.
Veteran crime repor ter and author Sharafat Khan’s self-published book Underworld King Dawood Ibrahim and Gang War written in Urdu was another important source of information.
Text regarding gangland killings and shootouts was procured extensively from the dossiers prepared by the Mumbai Crime Branch.
The ar ticle entitled ‘Manya Shot Dead’ (dated 23 January 1982) in the tabloid Current and my inter view with Assistant Commissioner of Police Ishaq Bagwan formed the base for information about Manya Surve’s killing.
The details about the tussle between the Pathan mafia and Dawood Ibrahim and insights into the lives of Haji Mastan and Karim Lala were obtained from the cover story entitled ‘The Clan, Bombay’s Brotherhood of Crime’ of The Illustrated Weekly of India (April 14–20, 1985) written by Amrita Shah. Several editions (from 1980 to 1995) of the now defunct Urdu weekly Akhbare Aalam were also consulted with the consent of Mr Khaleel Zahid, the editor and publisher.
Infor mation about Dawood Ibrahim and his empire in Dubai and Pakistan was mostly culled from several dossiers prepared by the Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI) and Interpol.
The book, The Mumbai Police by Deepak Rao has also been a valuable source of information.
9/11 attacks in US, 300-307; repercussions for Dawood, 301; fallout of, 305
Abu Salem (Abu Salem Ansari), xv, xvi, xx, 254, 256, 266, 268, 270, 308, 331, 368; landed in Dubai, 254, 255; and Anees, 254-257, 308; collaboration with Anees, 254, 256, 257; Mumbai’s most narcissistic gangster, 255; family background of, 256; delivered guns to Sanjay Dutt, 256-257; extor tion of business community, 258; impor t of sharpshooters from his hometown, 254, 258, 259; planned murders of: Pradeep Jain, 259; and Omprakash Kukreja, 259-260, 263; and Riyaz Siddiqui, 263; and Mukesh Duggal, 263; Gulshan Kumar, 265-266; par ted ways with Anees, 308, 345; and Monica Bedi, 331-333, 345-346; in Lisbon, 332; arrested in Lisbon, 333, 345; relationship with Monica Bedi deteriorated, 346; extradition to India, 333, 346; in Ar thur Road Jail, 347; sharpened spoon attack on, 347
Advani, ll. K., 226, 266, 316, 341, 342, 343; and his Rath Yatra, 226; parlaying for Dawood’s extradition to India, 341; and his US visit, 342
Agra Summit, 302, 343; and Dawood shifted from Pakistan, 302
Aguiar, Aloysius Stanislaus (Judge), 277; head of encounters probe committee, 277; and his report, 277
Al-Zawahiri, Ayman, 306
All Qaeda, 300, 303, 305-307, 340-42, 353, 354, 358; attacks in United States, 300; Dawood’s contacts with, 303, 306, 307, 354
Alam, Mushir, 139-144; a Bollywood mogul, 139; day-light abduction of, 139-140; demand of pacchis lakh made, 141; ransom paid, 141, released, 141
Alamzeb, 74, 75, 79, 102, 103, 104, 106, 107, 109, 121, 125, 139, 141, 142, 144, 145, 149, 153, 154, 158, 167; in Pathan syndicate, 75, 102, violated holy pact, 109; involvement in the murder of Sabir, 121, 125, 142; involvement in abduction of Mushir, 139-141; and released Mushir, 141; police raid on his office, 144; and arrest of father Jangrez Khan, 144-145; arrested, 145; hired Kunju for Rajan Nair’s killing, 154
Amirzada, 74, 75, 79, 81, 102, 103, 106, 107, 109, 120, 121, 125, 126, 139, 141, 142, 144-145, 149-154, 158, 160, 167; a Pathan gangster, 75, 102, 106; Natiq’s humiliation in this office, 81; at Mastans, meeting, 103-104; friendship with Nanda, 120; and keep tabs on Sabir’s movements, 120; involved in Sabir’s killing, 120-122, 125, 142; arrested, 126; role in Mushir’s abduction, 141; arrested in Mushir’s abduction case, 145; Dawood’s plan to shoot him in the cour t, 149-151; murdered, 151, 153, 154, 160; role of Bada Rajan in killing of, 158, 160
Amolik, Emmanuel, 194-195
Anees Bhai (Anees Ibrahim Kaskar), xv, 50, 53, 102, 125, 187, 223, 227, 253-258, 273, 303, 308, 309, 319-322, 332-334, 342, 343, 345, 347; Dawood’s brother, 102; joined Dawood in Dubai, 187; dislike for Shakeel, 253; collaboration with Abu Salem, , 254, 256-258, 273, 308-309; Pakistani passpor ts to, 303; par ted ways with Salem, 308-309; gutkha making deal with Joshi, 320; launched Fire brand gutkha in Pakistan, 319-320; red cor ner notice against, 321; apparent closeness with Nagma, 322; arrested in Dubai, 342
Ali Bhai (Ali Abdulla Antulay), 53, 151, 168, 187
Ayubi, Sayyed Sultan, 66-67; as Mr Bombay, 67; in Dawood’s gang, 66, 67
Baashu Dada (Ahmed Khan), xii, xxi, 41-46, 51, 55-64, 66, 67, 75, 79-80, 84, 107, 117, 124, 136, 218, 370; push-up challenge to Khalid and Raheem, 42-43; Teli Mohalla headquar ters of, 43, 55; top smugglers of his time, 43; face raids on, 43; early days of, 43-44; working with Rahim Bhai, 45-46; baithaks of, 55; humiliated Sabir, 60-61; Dawood vowed to finish him, 60; Dawood’s attack on, 62-64; destruction of his akhada, 63-64; detention under NSA, 64; end to the
reign of, 64
Baatla, Saeed, 85-86; Dawood’s attack on, 86-87; jailed, 87
Baba Bahauddin dargah, 250
Babri Masjid demolition, xix, xx, 225-227, 241, 251, 340; communal riots after, 226, 227, 241, 251
Babu Reshim (Babu Gopal Reshim), 93-95, 137, 196-203, 206; leader of Mazagon docks’ canteen workers, 94, 95; B.R.A. Company’s don, 95, 137; molested a Kanjari girl, 197-198; slapped by Vijay Utekar, 197; Vijay Utekar’s vow to kill, 197; attacked, 198; imprisoned at the Jacob Circle lock-up, 198-199; killed by Vijay Utekar in lock-up, 197-198, 202
Bada Rajan (Rajan Nair), 126, 137, 146-149, 153-157, 159; a typewriter thief, 146-149; creation of Golden Gang, 147; meeting with Dawood, 146-147; killed, 156, 157
Bagwan, Ishaq, 131-133, 142-144, 151-152, 276, 364, 370; killed Manya, 133, 276; president’s police medal awarded to, 133; investigation of Mushir kidnapping, 143; arrested Pardesi, 152
Bakhiya, Sukur Narayan, 19, 27, 45, 368; biggest smuggler in Gujarat, 19; coordination with Mastan, 19
Bakhiya, Sukur Narayan, 19, 27, 45, 368; biggest smuggler in Gujarat, 19; coordination with Mastan, 19
ball Thackeray, 116, 226, 231, 241, 268, 271, 285, 286; calling Dawood a ‘deshdroshi’, 231; Rajan’s challenge to, 241; and murder of his manasputra Jayant
Bedi, Monica, 331-333, 345-346, Abu Salem’s paramour, 331; in Lisbon, 332-333; arrested, 333, 345; extradited to India, 346
Bharat Shah murder case, 283-284, 286, 288, 310
Bin Laden, Osama, 339, 342, 348, 353, 358-360; and Ibrahim’s syndicate, 306, 307, 342, 348; rank in Forbes list, 353; hiding place of, 358; killing of, 359-361
Boucher, Richard, 348-352; transcript of the discussion with, 349-352
Bout, Viktor, 180, 186
BRA Company, 95, 137, 191, 196, 203; formation of, 95; members of, 95, 137
Bukhari, Maulana Zia-ud-din, 56, 57, 61
Bush, George, 305, 340, 342, 354
Buwa, Dilip, 210-212
Carnac Bunder robbery, 67-69
Chhota Rajan (Rajendra Nikhalje,), xv, xvi, xx, 100, 137, 148, 157-161, 168, 187, 189, 198-199, 205, 215-216, 224, 228, 230, 231, 241, 250, 280, 289, 294, 295, 326, 327, 332, 368; a black marketer, 157; joined Bada Rajan gang, 158; hunt for Kunju, 258; joined Dawood’s gang, 160; killed Kunju, 160; as a manager in D
Company, 160, 215-218; suppor t to Vijay, 199; role in Ashok Joshi’s killing, 205; and ill-feelings in gang for, 243; escape from Dubai, 245-246, 248; moved to Kuala Lumpur, 250; in Southeast Asian countries, 289-290; in Bangkok, 290-291; Shakeel’s plan to kill, 291-292; assault on, 292-295; escape from, 296; proposal for extradition from Bangkok, 296
Chhota Shakeel, xvi, 138, 187, 188, 205, 217-220, 224, 228, 242-244, 248, 250-255, 257, 263, 280, 283, 288, 289-295, 303, 308-316, 344, 361; Dawood’s Man Friday, xxi; joined Dawood in Dubai, 188; differences with Chhota Rajan, 243; new CEO of D-Gang, 250-254; cultivating young Muslim boys as sharpshooters, 251-253; role in the killing Ramdas Nayak, 252; ordered killing of Bharat Shah, 285-287; planned to kill Rajan in Bangkok, 291; relocated in Pakistan, 303-304; produced Chori Chori Chupke Chupke, 308-317; ordered attack on Rakesh Roshan, 315; Pakistani citizenship to, 344; as Haji Mohammad in Pakistan, 344; set up base in Jeddah, 361
Congress House, 118-121; disintegration in(to) a whorehouse, 118
Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act (COFEPOSA), 90, 108, 175
Dalit-Muslim Suraksha Mahasangh (DMSM), 117
Daruwalli, Jenabai, 102, 116, 136
Dawood Ibrahim (Dawood Hasan Ibrahim Kaskar), a global terrorist, 3, 325, 369-344, 348, 355; inter view in Indian Express, xvii-xxi; life in Karachi, 4-5; early life of, 50-52; first crime of, 52; involvement in extor tion, 54; attack on Baashu Dada , 62-63; first bank robbery by, 67-69; and severe reprisal by father, 71; fight against the Pathans, 84-87; dominance in the Bombay mafia, 87; Kachra Peti line method of smuggling of, 107-108, 134; and gang with Sabir, 102, 109, 110, 123, 131; arrested under COFEPOSA, 108, 175; Pathans’ planning against, 110; in love with Sujata Kaur, 111-113; and wife Mehjabeen, 113, 171, 172, 174, 324; escape to Dubai, 169, 176; deadly enemies of, 204; avenged Raje’s killing, 205; expansion of gang in Dubai, 185-186, 215-216; involvement in Bombay blasts, 228, 230-232; branded a traitor, xxi, 230, 233; hate mails to, 233; offer to surrender, 234; moved to Karachi, xvi, 249; proper ties in Pakistan, 6; new identity in Pakistan, 4, 7, 244, 325, 344; and his White House, 3, 5, 188, 193, 233, 241, 242, 301; pawn in the ISI’s hands, 232, 241, 249; send to safer hideout by ISI, 302-303, 361-362; Newsline ar ticle on, 304; decision in Joshi-Dhariwal dispute, 319-321; red cor ner notice against, 321; daughter’s wedding and walimah ceremony for, 325; and global confluence of spies at, 325-326; Pakistani citizenship to, 344; as a Significant Foreign Narcotics Trafficker, 340; rank in Forbes List, 353; in film piracy, 356
Desai, Morarji, 22
Dhariwal, Rasiklal Manikchand, 319-321; business battle with Jagdish Joshi, 319-321
Dolas, Maya, 210, 212-213
Doval, Ajit, 328-329
Dubey, Kundan, 93
East West Center of Honolulu, 349; cultural exchange programme of, 349
Encounters, 275-276; controversies on, 194; Aguiar Committee report on, 278
Feroz Konkani (Feroz Sarguroh), 251-253; youngest killing machine, 252; killed MLA Ramdas Nayak, 252-253; arrested, 252
Forbes magazine’s World’s Most Powerful People list, 353
Gandhi, Indira, 88-90, 349
Gandhi, Indira, 88-90, 349
Gawli, Arun (Arun Gulab Ahir), xv, xvi, xx, 90, 91, 93-95, 137, 191, 197, 199, 201, 203-207, 212, 218, 224, 231, 263, 280, 286, 337; arrested under NSA, 90, 95; role in murder of Parasnath Pandey, 92; Dawood’s biggest detractor, 93; family and early life of, 94; marriage to Zubeida, 95; and role in murder of Satish Raje, 204-205; declared war against Dawood, 205; avenging the murder of Papa Gawli, 207-208; killed Ibrahim Parkar, 207; a member of the legislative assembly, 337
Gawli, Papa, 206-207; murdered, 206-207
Ghai, Subhash, 259, 263, 264; underworld threats to, 259, 263, 264
Gujral, Inder Kumar, 266
Gutkha smuggling, 318-319
Guzmán, Joaquin, 353, 354, 363; drug trafficker of Mexico, 353, 354; rank in Forbes list of most powerful, 353-354; similarities with Dawood, 354
Haddi, Salim, 259: Salem’s sharpshooter, 259
Haji Mastan (Mastan Haider Mirza), xii, xxi, 14-20, 26-33, 38-39, 45-47, 65-67, 69, 75, 90-91, 96-107, 109, 114-117, 124, 125, 166, 167, 174, 204, 218, 227, 238, 364, 368; at Bombay dock as a coolie, 15-16; rappor t with Shaikh Mohammed All Ghalib, 15-19; triumph over Sher Khan Pathan, 16-17; rise as a smuggler, 17-19; alliance with Varda Bhai, 28-30; detention under MISA and COFEPOSA, 90; gave supari for Yusuf Patel, 96, 97; Baitul Suroor bungalow of, 101; implemented mafia peace pact, 104; in movie production, 115; detention under NSA, 116; married to Sona, 115, 238; retired and reformed, 91, 117
Haldankar, Shailesh, 207, 220, 224; murder of, 220
Igwe, Rajesh 259: sharpshooter in Salem’s gang, 259
Inter Ser vices Intelligence’s (ISI), 7, 227, 230, 232, 241, 249, 302, 303, 325, 340-343, 353, 355, 360-363; tehreeke-inteqaam operation of, 227; ‘prick and bleed’
operations of, 227, 232; protection to Dawood in Pakistan, 302, 343, 360-363
Iqbal Mirchi, 137, 283, 345
Iyer, M.P., 99; a crime reporter, 99; murdered, 99-100
Javed Fawda, 269-270, 276, 277; controversial encounter of, 269-270, 276, 277
Jethmalani, Ram, 90, 234
JJ hospital shootout, 215-225
Johnny gang, 10
Joshi, Jagdish, 319-321; and Dhariwal dispute, 319-321; charged under the MCOCA, 321; links with underworld, 322
Joshi Manohar, 267, 268
Joshi, Ashok, 203, 205, 206, 212; murdered by Chhota Rajan, 205-206
Kamlakar, Dhananjay, 326-328
Kanjarwada incidence, 196-197
Karim Lala (Abdul Karim Khan), xxi, 19, 33-40, 45, 47, 49, 73-75, 90-91, 96, 98, 99, 102, 104, 116, 117, 124, 125, 153, 163, 166, 174, 364, 368; a moneylender, 35; reputation as a mediator, 35-37; gambling den of, 35-36; alliance with Haji Mastan, 38-40; detention during Emergency, 90; detention under NSA, 116; reformed, 117
Kaskar, Ibrahim, 39, 45, 47-53, 57, 58, 61, 62, 69, 70, 73, 74, 76, 77, 102, 104, 114, 124, 125; revered by Karim Lala, 39, 45; career as a head constable, 47-48; bir th of second son to, 49; family of, 47, 50-51; running errands for Baashu, 51; humiliation by Baashu, 59-61; baithak of, 69; respect in police circles, 69; brutal punishment to Dawood and Sabir, 70-71
Kaskar, Iqbal, 50, 334-338; Dawood’s brother, 334; clean record of, 334; retur ned to India, 336; booked under MCOCA, 337; and released, 338; changed his name, 338; filed nominations as independent candidate, 338
Kaskar, Sabir, 48, 51, 53, 59-62, 69-71, 82, 91, 102-104, 109, 110, 119-126, 130, 131, 134, 136, 142, 148, 167, 169, 175, 334, 363; humiliated by Baashu, 60, 61; bank robbery with Dawood, 69-70; in gang with Dawood, 102, 109, 110, 123, 131; friendship with Chitra, 119-121; and wife Shahnaaz, 119, 121; slaying of, 122, 142; final rites of, 125
Katdhare, Rajendra, 192-195; encounter of Rama Naik, 192; controversy over, 192-193
Khalid Pehelwan, 41-43, 64, 84-86, 106, 107, 109, 110, 123, 125, 134-138, 186; Baashu’s right-hand man, 84; offered ser vices to Dawood, 85; killing of Ayub Lala, 86; and Dawood, rift between, 135-137; retired from Mafia, 137
Khan, Ayub Lala, 79-80, 85, 86, 98-99; role in Natiq’s killing, 81-82; killed, 86
Khan, Hamid, 74
Khan, Jangrez, 96, 144, 145
Kaliya (Mehmood Khan), 194; encounter of, 194
Khan, Mumtaz, 50, 170-171
Khan, Nanhe, 9, 10, 12
Khan, Samad, 102, 106, 162-169, 175; a Pathan gangsters, 102, 106; relations with Shilpa Zhaveri, 162, 163, 168; proclamation of uncle Karim Lala for, 163-164, 167; killings of Jains in hotel, 164-165; in Ar thur Road Jail, 165-166; friendship with Dawood, 167; assaulted Noora, 168; cold-blooded murder by Dawood , 168-169
Khan, Shahrukh, 310, 314, 315
Kukreja, Omprakash, xvi, 259-260; murder of, 260, 262, 263; first casualty of the inter-gang rivalry, 260
Kumar, Dilip, 11, 112, 115, 139, 140, 142, 143; Mastan’s photographs with, 115; registered Mushir’s abduction report, 142; meeting to Julio Ribeiro, 143
Kumar, Gulshan, xvi, xx, 263-270, 272, 277, 345, 346; T-Series music baron, xvi, 264; rise of, 263-264; day-light murder of, xvi, xx, 265-266, 267
Kunju, Abdul, 147-148, 153-155, 157-161, 166, 204; plan to kill Rajan Nair, 154; surrendered, 158; Chhota Rajan’s attacks on, 159, 160; killed, 161
Likha, Ranbeer, 72-78, 82, 83; meeting with Ibrahim Bhai, 73-74; support to Dawood, 83.
Lokhandwala shootout, 209-214
Maharashtra Prevention of Dangerous People’s Act, 277
Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA), 88-90, 94
Makhdoom Shah dargah, 249
Malhotra, Subhash, 267-269, 276, 285, 326-328
Malhotra, Vicky, 326-328
Mandakini, 236-240; in Raj Kapoor’s films, 236-237; as Dawood Ibrahim’s moll, 238; marriage to Dr Kagyur Rinpoche, 240; a practising Buddhist, 240
Manish Lala, 137, 187, 224, 230
Maria, Rakesh, 229, 271, 355-357, 370; Anti-Terrorism Squad chief, 355, 370; views on Dawood’s empire, 355-357
Memon, Tiger, 227-231, 234, 235, 238, 255, 302, 304, 344, 357; role in Bombay serial blasts, 227-228, 304, 357; logistical suppor t of Dawood to, 228, 234; escape from India, 229, 230; surrendered, 235; Pakistani citizenship to, 344
Mendonca, Ronald Hyacinth, 269, 270, 277-280, 285; bullet for bullet plans for the underworld, 279-281
Miandad, Javed, 7, 323, 324; most hated in India, 323; son’s wedding to Dawood’s daughter, 324-326
Minara Masjid incident, 97-98
Mombassa incidents, 342-343
Momin, Aslam, 335-337
Mumbai (Bombay), xii, xiii, xv, xix, 26/11 terrorist attack, 4 ; Mafia, xv, xvi, 8, 9, 11, 13-15, 17-20, 22-25, 28, 30, 32-36, 43-45, 47, 48, 51, 56, 57, 64, 65-67, 72, 74-75, 83-87, 90, 93, 97-100, 102-104, 107, 108-109, 110, 115, 117-120, 122-123, 128, 135, 137,139-140, 142, 146, 147, 149, 152, 155, 157, 162, 163, 169, 174-176, 179, 182, 185-87, 191,194, 197, 203-4, 206, 283, 366, 368, 370; communal riots of 1984, 116, 226; 228-9, 350, first encounter in, 127, 128; and gang wars, 204-206; effects of liberalisation on, 257; serial blasts in, xv, xviii, 4, 228-230, 234, 228, 238, 243, 254, 271, 304, 339, 341, 343, 344, 347, 357; spate of killings in, 263; Stock Exchange bombings, 306, 307, 340
Munde, Gopinath, 267-269
Munna Jhingada, 291-293, 295; Pakistani citizenship to, 292; attacked Rajan in Bangkok, 292-293; arrested, 295
Musharraf, Parvez, 302-303, 343, 351, 352; relation with Dawood, 303
Naik, Ashwin, xv, xvi, xx
Naik, Rama, 90, 93-95, 137, 189, 191-193, 201, 203, 206; alliance to Varda bhai, 94; dispute with Sharad Anna, 189-191; mystery over the killing of, 192-193
Narasimha, P.V., XV, 262, 283
National Security Act (NSA), 64, 90, 95, 116, 148
Natiq, Mohammad Iqbal, 74-75, 78-83; publisher of Raazdaar, 74-75; and ar ticles against the Pathans in, 82; Dawood’s suppor t to, 80; Pathan’s threats to, 81; murder of, 81-82, 84, 85
Natwarlal Desai murder case, 268
Noora (Nurool Haq), 50, 167-169, 255, 334, 363; Samad’s assault on, 168; succumbed to cancer, 334
Operation Neptune Spear, 359-361
pagdi system, 36, 37
Pandey, Parasnath, 92-95; a matka don, 92-93; killing of, 92, 94, 95
Pardesi, David Devasayan, 149-153, 346; killed Amirzada in court, 149; death of, 152
Parkar, Haseena, 329, 370
Parkar, Ibrahim, 207, 208, 217, 218, 370; murdered, 207, 218; victim of gang war, 207
Patel, Yusuf, 32, 90, 91, 96-99; Mastan’s acolyte, 32; attack on, 98
Pathan mafia, 73-74, 85-87, 96-100, 153, 364
Patnaik, Biju, 88
Phukprayoon, Kriekpong, 295-296
Prasad, K. ll., 268-270
Qavi, M. A., 210-213
Rai, Rajiv, 259, 263, 264
Raje, Satish, 204-205; Dawood’s sharpshooter, 204; killed by Gawli, 204-205
Ramamurthy, S., 209, 210, 214
Rao, Narasimha, 257, 262, 283; opened up India’s economy, 257, 283
Rashid, Sheikh, 182, 184
Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), 88-90, 245, 246, 302, 304, 325, 342; creation of, 88; role of, 88-89; failure of, 89-90
Ribeiro, Julio, 116, 131, 143, 275, 276; a special squad to hunt down Manya, 131, 133; encounters during reign of, 275, 276
Rizvi, Nazeem, 309-316; frontman of Shakeel, 309; role in making of Chori Chori Chupke Chupke, 308-317; arrested under MCOCA, 316
Roshan, Rakesh, 315; attack on, 315
Sada Mama (Sada Pawle), 203, 204, 276-278
Safalika, Chandrashekhar, 154-156; murdered Bada Rajan in the court, 154; arrested, 156
Saifi, Nadeem, xx, 270, 272, 273, 345; key accused in Gulshan Kumar’s killing, 272, 277; government efforts for extradition of, 345
Sarmalkar, Mohan, 93
Sautya (Sunil Sawant), 137, 187, 205, 218-221, 224, 242, 243, 250; in hit squad to kill Ashok Joshi, 205; role in JJ Hospital shootout, 220-224
Sawant, Pradeep, 285-288, 369
Sharad Anna (Sharad Shetty), 138, 189-191, 193, 217, 218, 242, 250; and Rama Naik dispute, 189-192; Dawoods decision on, 190; Dawood’s respect for, 217
Sharma, Ranjit Singh, 264, 267, 269-274; mega press conference of, 271-272
Sheikh Mo, 182, 183, 185
Sheikh, Iqbal, 209-211
Shere, Bipin, 207, 210, 224
Shinde, Pradeep, 23, 32, 368, 369
Singh, Manmohan, 257, 262, 283, 352, 353
Soman, D.S., 173-176
Sri Krishna Commission, 226
State of Emergency in India, 89-94, 157
Surve, Bhargav, 128
Surve, Manohar aka Manya, 121, 127-133, 276, 364, 369; most feared gangster, 127-133; role in Sabir’s killing, 130-131; police encounter of, 132-133
Tankiwala, S.V., 91
Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (TADA) Act, 229
US- congressional repor t on Dawood, 340-341; and President’s EO No.13224, 305-306, 339; and press release on Dawood, 306-307; and Treasury Depar tment, 3, 341, 342, 344
Utekar, Vijay, 197-202; grouse against Gawli, 197; failed attack on Reshim, 198; murdered Reshim in the prison, 197-198; encounter of, 201
Vajpayee, Atal Behari, 302
Varda Bhai (Varadarajan Muniswami Mudaliar), 19-33, 45, 65, 91, 94, 368, 369; tur ning point in the life of, 22; illicit liquor trade of, 22-23; in flesh trade, 26; transformation to a big don, 24-26; alliance with Haji Mastan, 28-30
Verma, Rohit, 215, 262, 290-294; killed, 293
Wahid, Thakiyuddin, xvi, 262-263; launched Vayudoot, 262; murdered, 262, 263
Wangya (Anil Parab), 187, 205
Wire tapping, 286-287
Young Party, 58, 61
Zarate, Juan, 340
Zende, Madhukar, 116, 142-145, 174, 200, 370; action against Mastan and Karim Lala, 116; working on Mushir abduction case, 143; arrested Amirzada, 145; at Agripada police station, 200
ongri to Dubai: Six Decades of the Mumbai Mafia has taken me over six years of research, compilation, verification, corroboration, writing, rewriting, Dtweaking, and all that goes into the making of a book of this scale. At the end of it, all I can say, without sounding immodest, is that this is a complete chronicle of the Mumbai mafia—something like this has never been published before.
On my own, I would have plodded along for a good fifteen years to accomplish this colossal task. If I have managed to finish this book in much less time, the credit goes to the scores of my friends, coworkers, police, journalists, and experts on the Mumbai mafia.
When I began in 2004–05, I realised that burning the candle at both ends—holding a full time job as a journalist and writing a book — was hara-kiri. While the job pretty much sucked the marrow out of my life, the book simply lay on the backburner.
When I finally got around to star ting work on the book, Meenal Baghel delivered Mumbai Mirror and roped me in to handle the newspaper’s bir th pangs. This proved a setback for Dongri to Dubai, though I kept researching. The more people I met and the more I worked on the book, my hear t sank at the knowledge of the enormous task at hand.
Once again I approached my go-to-guy, Vikram-the-great-Chandra. He came to my rescue with a must-have bible for all struggling writers, a book called Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life by Anne Lamott, which helped me overcome my writer’s block and the problem of processing such humongous amount of information.
Every time Vikram retur ned from the US, he would unfailingly bring me several books on various topics, which facilitated the task of simplifying the narration. He also gave me email tutorials on the ar t of story telling. Vikram, I could have never imagined authoring a book and I continue to write because of you. My most exclusive thanks are reserved for you.
So I began rewriting the chapters, which I believe is one of the most daunting tasks for any writer — to write something, trash it, and begin writing all over again.
In the meanwhile, I quit Mumbai Mirror and joined Indian Express before eventually going back to the Asian Age where I had first cut my teeth in jour nalism way back in 1995.
Here I met Lakshmi Govindrajan and Megha Moor thy, two fabulous women who decided that they would not spare the rod if I succumbed to laziness while writing the book. They kept pushing me to set smaller goals for the book. With their help and despotic compassion, I managed to finish the first draft in 2010.
In fact it was Lakshmi who kept a yellow diary to log the progress of chapters and discussed the flow and placements of the content. She did not ease up on the pressure until I finished the book. Thank you very much, Lakshmi.
Subsequently, Aditya Iengar, a sub editor at the Asian Age, took over from where they had left. He sat with a fine-tooth comb to look for gaps in editing. My profound gratitude to the two Tam-Brahm girls and the half south-Indian but fully Bengali Adi for making this book a reality.
Many thanks go to my publishers Pramod Kapoor sahab and Priya Kapoor for being so patient for over six years and putting up my with eccentricities and idiosyncrasies. I immensely appreciate the way they never gave up on me. Shukriya, to both of you for being so kind and accommodating. I am also thankful to the editors at Roli Books, Rajni George and Jyotsna Mehta.
In the process of writing the book, I relied heavily on the investigative skills of some of the finest jour nalists in this country like Usman Gani Muqadam, Pradeep Shinde, and Jyoti Dey, all of whom are no more with us. Their contribution to the book is immense.
Muqadam helped me with infor mation on old mafia dons like Haji Mastan, Karim Lala, Bakhiya, and others who were active between 1947 and the 1970s.
Shinde’s insight into Varadarajan Mudaliar’s gang was very helpful, while Dey generously discussed his perspective about the Kanjur marg company and the Byculla company of the Gawli gang and the Nana company of Chhota Rajan.
I would like to profusely thank Misha Glenny, the celebrated author of McMafia: A Jour ney Through the Global Underworld , for his generous and insightful inputs on Dubai as the world capital and a burgeoning Mafiosi hub. Thanks a zillion, Misha.
Among other jour nalists of today who helped me is Jigna Vora, one of the best crime jour nalists in our country after the late Jyoti Dey. There is none like her, a woman of unimpeachable integrity, in contemporary crime repor ting, while most of the crime repor ters, I am sorry to say, are merely ‘police-stenographers’.
Thanks, Jigna, for your insights into the ways of the Mumbai mafia post 2006. A big thank you is also due to Josy Joseph of the Times of India, who plied me with reams of secret dossiers from the intelligence agencies.
Mateen Hafeez, special correspondent with the Times of India, who took pains to travel to Nalla Sopara, the far end of Mumbai’s burgeoning wester n suburbs, and boarded a crowded bus from there, which took another hour of tedious jour ney, to inter view exhaustively the late Usman Gani, deser ves a special mention here. While two such trips took its toll on my mood, Mateen under took over ten such rickety rides and did not flinch even once. He also pored over the archives of Urdu newspapers like the Inquilab, Urdu Times, and Akhbare Alam and translated the stories into English for me. There are few good men like him.
Danish Khan, my for mer colleague at Mumbai Mirror, who is presently in London, helped me unravel Dawood’s teenage life from various cops and contacts.
He also shared infor mation and photographs of Abu Salem’s house in Sarai Mir, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh. It is people like Danish and Mateen who have reinforced my faith in humanity.
reinforced my faith in humanity.
My profound thanks to Smita Nair, the principal correspondent at the Indian Express, and one of the most underrated jour nalists in Mumbai, for digging out some unknown details about Varadarajan’s empire in the city, interviewing Varda’s daughter, Gomathi and also veteran journalist Pradeep Shinde.
Gautam Mengle from the Asian Age helped me with details on the Manya Sur ve encounter. Gautam is a promising repor ter and, simply put, really good at his job.
Suhas Bhivankar is an encyclopedia on the Mumbai underworld. He is in his early seventies and is indefatigable. You would have to walk with Bhivankar for miles before he agrees to let you in on a glimpse of the past. He was the chief repor ter of the Urdu daily Urdu Times, and must have been the first Maharashtrian to have held this job. He knows the Mumbai underworld like the back of his hand, as well as the various ranks of cops across the city.
My protégés — Menaka Rao of Hindustan Times who dug out old cour t documents and Rashmi Rajput of NDTV who procured a whole lot of old newspaper clippings and photographs of dons have been of great help to me. Rashmi especially has made me very proud with her sharp investigative skills and unfailing hardwork. A big thank you to both these girls.
Rehana Bastiwala of the BBC Urdu news ser vice conducted several inter views on my behalf while Sandra Almeida, news editor of Hindustan Times , helped me immensely during my initial research. Thanks Rehana and Sandra for your valuable contribution.
Pranoti Sur ve, who inter ned with Indian Express, helped me with the initial ten chapters of the book. She was also my sounding board during the initial years when I star ted writing. Unfor tunately for me but most for tuitously for her, she zipped off to London when she got a scholarship to study at the prestigious School of Oriental and African Studies in London. By the time she returned, I was wrapping up the book. Thank you Pranoti, for your time and dedication.
The other group of friends who were generous in their help was from the Mumbai police depar tment. My profound thanks to Deputy Inspector General of Police, Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS), Pradeep Sawant. When I star ted the book way back in 2005, Sawant was the deputy commissioner of police, Crime Branch.
At my first request for help, he made several important files and documents available to me, which proved to be invaluable.
The legendary Rakesh Maria, chief of the Anti-Terrorism Squad, has been always for thcoming with infor mation on the Mumbai mafia despite his hectic schedule. Thank you, Maria saab.
Additional Commissioner of Police, Traffic, Brijesh Singh’s insights into techno sur veillance is unparalleled. Every time I met him, I came back wi-fied and enriched!
Among the retired cops, Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) Ishaq Bagwan was of invaluable help. He gave me extensive inter views lasting several hours, which provided deep insights into the gruesome underbelly of the Mumbai mafia, especially the Pathans and their Machiavellian ways.
Retired ACP Madhukar Zende was amazing with his excellent recall of crimes that occurred forty years ago. We need many more like him.
Assistant Commissioner of Police Iqbal Shaikh and ACP Sunil Deshmukh helped me with the reconstruction of the 1991 Lokhandwala encounter, which, two decades later, is still the Mumbai police’s most sensational run-in with the mafia.
I am also grateful to family members of Dawood Ibrahim, including his sister Haseena Parkar, who spoke to me at length. Ahmed chacha was also helpful as always.
The late Abdur Rahim alias Rahim chacha, the childhood friend of Baashu Dada, Ibrahim Parkar, and elder to Dawood, was generous in talking about Dawood and helped me reconstruct several scenes narrated in this book. Rahim chacha, who lived in Behrampada in Bandra east, called me to his home several times and spoke for several hours despite his ill health and infirmity.
Dawood’s other Konkani relatives also helped and spoke to me extensively on the condition of anonymity.
This acknowledgement would be incomplete until I express my thanks to some of the unnamed members of the Mumbai mafia. The intimate, tiny details about Dawood’s personal and early life came from them. These men were his childhood friends who played gilli-danda with him and some of them have still kept in touch with him even after he relocated to Dubai and Pakistan.
The scenes and dialogues in the book have been recreated and written with the help of these men who have swor n me to secrecy. The scenes are as close to accurate as it can get with some creative licence. It is needless to add that the accuracies in the book belong to these benefactors and the friends mentioned earlier, while the errors are solely mine.
Before I sign off, I have to mention my ferociously loyal friend Anuradha Tandon, who keeps me fir mly planted on terra fir ma, and deser ves a special thanks for always asking me to raise the bar.
OTHER LOTUS TITLES
‘No, he wants to see you now,’ Saeed insisted.
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